History Of Haryana

By  |  0 Comments

History Of Haryana

History of Haryana

History of Haryana

Haryana was established on 1 November 1966, but Haryana’s existence as a distinct historical and cultural unit has been recognized since ancient times.

Haryana is an area where on the banks of Saraswati River, Vedic civilization has begun and matured.

It was placed in the history of Haryana that Lord Krishna preached Bhagavad Gita at the beginning of the battle of Mahabharata. In the epic Mahabharata, in Kurukshetra, during a battle between Kaurav and Pandav princes, Lord Krishna gave one of his most important messages through divine discourse – Gita.

On this Haryana soil,  Saint Ved Vyas wrote the Mahabharata in Sanskrit. But the Mahabharata war, about 900 BC, which gave this area for fame worldwide. The word Haryana is found in 1328 AD. Sanskrit inscription which is kept in the Museum of Delhi shows that Haryana area as heaven on earth.

By Manu of Indian mythology, Haryana named Brahmavarta, from where the Brahminical religion and social order grew and spread to the rest of the country. In old historical period Haryana known as Brahmavarta. Therefore, according to History of Haryana, any one can say that most of the Hindu religion and society was formed on the flat, dry plains of Haryana.

At the end of the 14th century, Timur led an army to Delhi through the state. In 1526, the invading Mughals defeated the ruling Lodi dynasty in the battle of Panipat, and after 30 years, in 1556, the Mughals won aher decisive battle there. In the middle of the 18th century, the Marathas were under the control of Haryana, which was defeated by the Afghans under Ahmed Shah Abdali in 1761 in the third battle of the Maratha army.

Various archaeological sites, Naurangabad and Mittathal Bhiwani in Haryana, Kunal in Fatehabad, Hisar has Agroha, digging like Rakhi Garhi (Rakhigarhi) in Jind, Rukhi (Rohtak) and sites in Banawali Sirsa evidence of pre-Harappan and Harappan culture Have met. The discovery of statues, sculpture, and ornaments in Pehova, Kurukshetra, Tilpat and Panipat has proved the historicity of the Mahabharata war. These places Prithudaka as Mahabharata (Pehowa), Tilprastha (Tilput), Panprastha (Panipat) and described in Sonprastha (Sonepat.

Haryana is “Gateway of North India”. Hans, Turks and Afghanistan’s constant invaded India and fought a decisive battle on Haryana land for this country. After the fall of the Gupta empire in the second half of the 6th century, North India was again divided into several states. Hun established his supremacy in Punjab. After this period, Harshavardhana, the greatest King of ancient India, started his rule. He became the king of Thanesar (Kurukshetra) in 606 AD, and later went to rule most of the northern states of India. In the 14th century, the Tomar kings led the army in Delhi through this region.

Later in the year 1526 Mughal, Babur, aher decisive battle was fought in Panipat, defeating Lodhis in the first battle of Panipat, establishing the reign of the Mughals. Taking advantage of the death of Humayun Bairam Khan (the guardian of Akbar) climbed to Delhi, both armies got trapped in the second battle of Panipat. Hemu was in a winning position when an arrow struck him in the eye. He became unconscious and faintness among his soldiers. The wind of war changed and the Mughals won the war. In the middle of the 18th century, the Marathas had control over Haryana. Ahmad Shah Durrani’s infiltration in India, in this battle ended in the third battle of Panipat in the Marathas’ defeat in 1761 marked the end of his domination and the fall of the Mughal empire, leading to the advent of British rule.

Source – Haryana govt. site, Haryana history book, wikipedia