Indian Forest

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Indian Forest

Forest is an essential resource for any country. India is very rich in this resource because there are many big and dense forests in India. Approximately 20% of the Indian area is surrounded by forest, which is equivalent to 65 million hectare area. Many types of animals and birds have built their own house in the Indian Forest. Wildlife Sanctuary found in India and National Park is a major indicator of India’s vast forest area. Forests are very important for better life, crop, excessive rainfall, but due to the fact that rising global warming is becoming a serious issue due to forest harvesting, it is very important to encourage people to plant trees on this issue.
A 1952 Forest Policy aims to protect one-third of India’s forests Some activities which have been damaging the forests have been banned, this has changed the thinking of people and changes in its development over forests in the next 50 years. After that, the constructive attitude was adopted to preserve it through a five-year plan. In 1980, the Forest Conservation Act was passed, in this Act, it was decided that from now on the central area will have to get central permission for agriculture or forestry and cultivation. If they do do that, then they will be kept in the category of crime. The purpose of this law is to limit the deforestation, preserve biodiversity and preserve wildlife, but this year due to low investment and ignorance there was no significant reduction in deforestation, after which in India, in 1988 Launched its National Forest Policy, which under the Joint Forest Management Policy program, proposed that only a special forest block will be managed in the villages along with the Forest Department. Security of forests and forests will be the responsibility of the people in particular. Such initiatives were considered positive because as of 1992, seventeen states of India participated in joint forest management and about 20 lakh hectare forests were brought under protection.

Types of Forests in India

India is a country full of diversity. It also has diversity in its land area, it is a much happier land, so there is a lot of moisture in the region due to having excess rainfall. Due to this, diversity is also found in wild flora. India is one of the 17 mega bio-diverse areas of the world, with which forests support various ecosystems of forest organisms as well as forests. There are many types of forests in India: Alpine Tarain of Ladakh in the north, Desert of Rajasthan in the west, Rain forest in Kerala, All forests in the northeast till the evergreen forest, Its climate, soil type, topography etc, along with their nature They have been classified based on composition. Indian forest has been classified into several sections
Tropical Rainforests – Such forests contain tropical moisture climate and high rainfall characteristics. These forests play an important role in cooling the air, the north eastern region of India is known for the rain forest. In such a global climate forests, the prevalence of animals is found. The oldest format of Indian forest is tropical rainforest, this plant has come from plants such as coffee, chocolate, banana, mango, papaya, sugarcane etc.
Evergreen Forests: -Again forests are found in the northern regions of India and the high rainfall areas of Andaman Nicobar Islands. These forests are found in the part which has monsoon for several months. In such forests there is an abundant population of animals and insects, such forests enrich their lives.
Deciduous Forest: – Deciduous forest can be divided into two forms: one with moisture and aher dry deciduous forest. This type of forest is found in areas where 100 cm to 200 centimeters of annual rainfall occurs. Such forests can be found in most parts of India. It is found from Jammu to the west in the east to West Bengal till the Shiwalik hills. In such forests, trees like teak, mango, bamboo, sandalwood, and fort are found. Except for the North Eastern regions, dry deciduous forest is found in the northern and southern parts of India. In this forest many types of animals like insects, mammals, reptiles are found. These types of forests are found in Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka.
Mangal tree forest in the coastal area: – This forest is found on river delta coast. Such plants grow in a mixture of brackish and fresh water. These forests are found mostly in areas with moisture.
Famous Forests of India
Sunder Van: – This forest is located in the eastern state of West Bengal, it is the world’s largest delta. It is spread in about 10,000 sq. Km. This forest is known more as the house of white tigers.
Gir Forest: – Gir forest is located in Junagadh of Gujarat, it spreads in 1,412 sq km. In this forest, the Asiatic lion gets much more visible. Apart from this, wild spotted cat, bear, nilgai, chinkara and wild boar are also found in this forest.
Kanha National Park: – It is located in Madhya Pradesh, the park is the most popular for twelve singhs deer. Inspired by Kanha’s forest, Rudyard Kipling wrote The One Book. About 300 species of birds are found here.
Vandalur Reserve Forest: – This forest is located in southern India. Many birds live in this forest.