Expansion of Delhi Sultanate

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Expansion of Delhi Sultanate

During the rule of Allauddin Khilji, the boundaries of the Delhi Sultanate crossed North India and reached its peak. Alauddin launched the regional expansion campaign against Gujarat. Allauddin Khilji was also attracted to the vast wealth of Gujarat, along with his empire expansion. The wealth of Gujarat would help him in his forthcoming campaigns and ensure the supply of Arabic horses to his army from its coastal coast. In 1299, Ulugh Khan and Nusrat Khan, two major commanders of Allauddin, turned to Gujarat. The ruler of Gujarat Rai Karan ran away with life and Somnath Temple was won. A large amount of robbery was gathered. Even the wealthy Muslim businessmen were not spared. Many slave captives were made. One of them was Malik Kafur, who later went on to become the chief commander of the Khilji army and he conducted the South operations. Gujarat was now a part of the Delhi Sultanate. After establishing power in Gujarat, Alauddin now focused his attention on Rajasthan, his first goal was Ranthambore. The fort of Ranthambore was considered to be the most prestigious Fort of Rajasthan and in the past, it had challenged Jalaluddin Khilji. To break the moral morale of Rajputs, it was very necessary to win Ranthambore. The reason for attacking Ranthambore was to give shelter to two insurgent Mongol soldiers by Rajput ruler Hamiddev and refused to give them to the Khilike rulers. Hence, the front was opened against Ranthambore. Initially the Khilji army was damaged. Even Nusrat Khan had to lose his life. Ultimately Alauddin Khushi had to come himself in the field of battle and Alauddin won the fort in 1301. In 1303 Alauddin won Chittor from another powerful state. According to some scholars, Allauddin had attacked Chittoor by attracting Raja Ratan Singh’s beautiful wife Padmavati. However, some historians refuse to follow this legend, because this saga was described by Jaissi 200 years later in Padmavat for the first time. According to Amir Khusro, Sultan had ordered mass slaughter of the masses. In the name of his son, Khazarkhan, he named Chittor as Khizarabad. Allauddin had to return to Delhi because the Mongol army was traveling towards Delhi. In 1305, the Khilji army set up the authority of the Malwa in the heart of the N-ul-Mulk. Other states like Ujjain, Mandu, Dhar and Chanderi were also won. After Malwa’s victory, Allauddin sent the owner Kafur to the south and attacked the countryside. Raja Sheetal Dev, ruler of Sijana, defended the fort, but ultimately defeated. In the year 1311, another Rajput region, Jalore, was also a part of the Sultanate. Thus by 1311 Alauddin won all the areas of Rajputs and became the ruler of northern India.

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