Jaisalmer Fort

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Jaisalmer Fort

Jaisalmer Fort locally known as Sonar Quila is one of the largest forts in the world located in Jaisalmer City in Rajasthan, India. It was built in 1156 AD by the Bhati Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal, from where it originates its name. This fort is popularly known as the 'Sone Ka Quila (Golden Fort)' by the local people and is one of the most magnificent monuments in the city of Jaisalmer. The fort is standing proudly in the middle of the unending golden sands of Thar Desert, Jaisalmer fort is one of the most prominent tourist attractions of Jaisalmer.

Jaisalmer Fort locally known as Sonar Quila is one of the largest forts in the world located in Jaisalmer City in Rajasthan, India.Jaisalmer Fort is a World Heritage Site. It was built in 1156 AD by the Bhati Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal, from where it originates its name. This fort is popularly known as the ‘Sone Ka Quila (Golden Fort)’ by the local people and is one of the most magnificent monuments in the city of Jaisalmer. The fort is standing proudly in the middle of the unending golden sands of Thar Desert, Jaisalmer fort is one of the most prominent tourist attractions of Jaisalmer.

History of Jaisalmer Fort 

Jaisalmer Fort locally known as Sonar Quila is one of the largest forts in the world located in Jaisalmer City in Rajasthan, India. It was built in 1156 AD by the Bhati Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal, from where it originates its name. This fort is popularly known as the 'Sone Ka Quila (Golden Fort)' by the local people and is one of the most magnificent monuments in the city of Jaisalmer. The fort is standing proudly in the middle of the unending golden sands of Thar Desert, Jaisalmer fort is one of the most prominent tourist attractions of Jaisalmer.

Jaisalmer Fort is a World Heritage Site declared UNESCO under the group Hill Forts of Rajasthan situated in the city of Jaisalmer in Rajasthan, India. Fort was built by the Rajput ruler Rawal Jaisal in 1156 AD, from whom it derives its name. (Rawal Jaisal’s son was Shalivahan II; Manj and Bhati Rajputs are descended from him.) Jaisalmer fort stands amidst the sandy expanse of the great Thar Desert, on Trikuta Hill, and has been the scene of many battles. Its massive yellow sandstone walls are a tawny lion color during the day, fading to honey-gold as the sun sets, thereby camouflaging the fort in the yellow desert. For this reason, it is also known as the Sonar Quila or Golden Fort.The Bhatia initially hailing from the Sialkot territory of Punjab built up themselves around A.D. 623 at Tannot, 120 km. North-west of Jaisalmer. In Tenth Century A.D., Devaraj, a drop of Bhati’s, in the wake of crushing Lodra Rajput Nirpabharu set up his capital at Lodruva and accepted the title of Maharwal. The town got extreme harms twice in the hands of Mahmud of Ghazni in A.D. 1025 and Muhammad Ghori in A.D. 1178 enroute to Gujarat. Having discovered it not a sheltered place for the protection, Maharawal Jaisal established the framework of another stronghold at Jaisalmer in A.D. 1178 by building a door and some portion of the Fort. The rest of the part of the stronghold was finished by Rawal Salivahan II, child and successor of Maharawal Jaisal in A.D. 1244.The Jaisalmer Fort likewise prominently was now known as “Sonar Kila” because of the brilliant shade of the stone can be seen from miles away before reaching tech town. The fortification involving a range of 11.28 hectare stands roughly 50m high on the slope with its enormous bulwarks that shifts from 10 to 25 m in tallness. There are two parallel dividers around in and a holding divider which has filled in as a base or pitching divider to limit the disintegration of the slant on the highest point of which the post stand. The fundamental stronghold has two dividers running parallel with a variable hole of 2-6 m in the middle of, known as Mori and was deliberately worked for the development of the security watches around the fortification. These dividers made of strong stone pieces were raised without utilizing any mortar or mud. The whole structure stands valiantly with its 82 bastions at present and each of which is 10m in tallness. These bastions at customary interims were given not just parapet divider on the top punctured by weapon openings, additionally adorned with anticipated curved window overhangs and deep gaps. The stronghold is drawn nearer from the north-east corner through four progressive passages viz. Akhai pol, Ganesh pol, Suraj pol and Hawa pol. The Akhai Pol is viewed as a later expansion as it was built by Maharawal Akshai Singh (A.D. 1722-62) when the base divider was additionally augmented.The leaders of Jaisalmer fort were extraordinary supporters of craftsmanship and engineering. A few wonderful Brahmanical and Jain sanctuaries, brilliant castles, Havelis and portals were assembled which plainly mirror the ability and mastery of the stone bricklayers and aesthetic greatness of the Bhati rulers and still draw in the consideration of the guests to a huge degree.Inside the post there is a bunch of royal residences or Havelis. Among sanctuaries, the Brahmanical sanctuaries incorporate Lakshminaryan sanctuary, Ratneshwar Mahadeva sanctuary, Surya Temple and Chamunda Mata sanctuary. Critical Jain sanctuaries inside the post are Parasvanath sanctuary, Sambhavanath sanctuary, Shitalanathaji sanctuary, Chandraprabhuji sanctuary, Rishabhadevaji sanctuary, Santinath and Kunthunathaji sanctuary, all datable to the fifteenth century A.D.The lion’s share of any occupants of Jaisalmer are Bhati Rajputs, who take their name from a progenitor named Bhatti, eminent as a warrior when the tribes were situated in the Punjab. Soon after this the family was driven southwards and found an asylum in the Indian betray, which was hereafter its home.The Maharajas of Jaisalmer follow their ancestry back to Jaitsimha, a leader of the Bhati Rajput faction, however, Deoraj, a well-known ruler of the Bhati family amid the ninth century, is regarded the organizer of the Jaisalmer administration. With him, the title of “Rawal” started. “Rawal” signifies “of the Royal House”. As per legend, Deoraj has towed the little girl of a neighboring boss. Deoraj’s dad and 800 of his family and adherents were astounded and slaughtered at the wedding. Deoraj got away with the guide of a Brahmin yogi who masked the sovereign as a kindred Brahmin. At the point when stood up to by the opponent boss’ supporters chasing for Deoraj, the Brahmin persuaded them that the man with him was another Brahmin by eating from a similar dish, something no Brahmin heavenly man would do with somebody of another standing. Deoraj and his outstanding group individuals could recoup from the loss of such a variety of with the end goal that later he fabricated the fortress of Derawar. Deoraj later caught Laudrava (situated around 15 km toward the southeast of Jaisalmer) from another Rajput tribe and made it his capital.The significant adversaries of the Bhati Rajputs were the intense Rathor families of Jodhpur and Bikaner. They used to battle fights for the ownership of fortresses and waterholes as from early circumstances the Jaisalmer district had been confounded by camel convoy exchange courses which associated northern India and focal Asia with the ports of Gujarat on the Arabian Seabank of India and thus on to Persia and Arabia and Egypt. Jaisalmer’s area made it in a perfect world situated as an arranging post and for forcing charges on this exchange.

Architecture of Jaisalmer Fort 

Jaisalmer Fort locally known as Sonar Quila is one of the largest forts in the world located in Jaisalmer City in Rajasthan, India. It was built in 1156 AD by the Bhati Rajput ruler Rao Jaisal, from where it originates its name. This fort is popularly known as the 'Sone Ka Quila (Golden Fort)' by the local people and is one of the most magnificent monuments in the city of Jaisalmer. The fort is standing proudly in the middle of the unending golden sands of Thar Desert, Jaisalmer fort is one of the most prominent tourist attractions of Jaisalmer.

Jaisalmer fort is 1,500 ft (460 m) long and 750 ft (230 m) wide and is built on a hill that rises above a height of 250 ft (76 m) above the surrounding countryside. The basement of the fort has a 15 ft (4.6 m) tall wall forming a double line of defense. The bastions of the fort form a chain about 30 ft (9.1 m). The fort has four entrances to the downside, one of which used to be guarded by cannon.There is an individual device hoisted on the crest of the fort’s walls and was used to assume the weather. The delicate blend of Islamic and Rajput architectural style will definitely catch the fancy of the eyeballs which looks stunning during the night. The Jaisalmer fort survived several attacks by the Muslim rulers like Ala-Uddin-Khilji and Mughal Emperor Humayun. Inside the fort, complex tourists can find several architectural buildings which include palaces, houses, and temples made up of soft yellow sandstone which looks as the Fort is made up of Gold and its beauty rises with the sunset when it gleams like melting gold. Jaisalmer fort has narrow winding pathways which interlock several parts of the fort. The complex of Jaisalmer fort is so expansive that almost one-quarter of the town’s population located in this fort itself.The most famous splendid structures such as the Maharawals located in front of the Chauhata Square. The foremost attraction of this place is Maharawal’s marble throne which is placed over a flight of marble steps. An added famous tourist attraction of this place is a five-storied Tazia tower located head-to-head to the Maharawals palace. This tower was constructed by Muslim craftsmen and is made with decorative Bengali styled roofs.The one more beauty section in the palace is the Jawahar Palace is among the other tourist attractions of Jaisalmer fort which was the residence of a royal family. This place is famous for its beautiful construction and ornate design which captivate tourist’s attention during their visit to this palace. Ganesh Pol, Rang Pol, Bhoota Pol and Hava Pol are the entrance gates of this fort which is known for sculptured beauty and beautiful design. Some Havelis are many hundreds of years old. In Jaisalmer, there are many elaborate Havelis carved from yellow sandstone. Some of these have many floors and countless rooms, with decorated windows, archways, doors, and balconies.The most visited places of this fort are the Raj Mahal, The Jain and the Laxmikanth Temples and several other temples and gateways.

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