Rise of Islam In India

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Rise of Islam In India

(Brief summary)
In the 7th century a new religion, called Islam, emerged in Arabia and soon its ancestors began to wave from North Africa to the Arabian peninsula and to Iran and India. Founded by Islam Prophet Muhammad Sahib, he promoted the preaching of this religion (570.632 AD). This religion has not only changed the religious, political and social life of Arabia but its influence on many parts of the world. Islam places an emphasis on the worship of one god and his holy book is the Qur’an. Muslims believe that God Himself has given the Qur’anic report to Muhammad Sahib. The Qur’an has the highest status in the world of Islam. Every Muslim was asked to pray namaz five times a day, it was said to keep a pilgrimage of Mecca if it was possible to keep it in the month of Ramzan, to donate it and to do so. After the Prophet Muhammad (632 AD), the responsibility of providing political and religious leaders to the Muslims came upon Khalifa (i.e. vice-chief, this title was given to the successors of Prophet Muhammad). From 632 AD to 661, there were four holy caliphs which were close to Muhammad Sahib. Umayyad Khalifa (661.750 AD) came as the successor of the holy caliphs. The Umayyad dynasty provided stability to the caliphs. Later, Abbasid Khalifa was the Abbasid dynasty (750.1258) After the Abbasid, the political power of the Khalifa began to decline and there was the emergence of independent Muslim rulers in different areas.

Islam arose in Arabia and the lives of the Caliphs soon spread to entire parts of the world. The armies of Arabia established a large part of central Asia and invaded India in 712 AD. Another important attack was the invasion of India by Mahmud Ghazni. The main purpose of his attack was to carry the wealth of India to Ghazni. In the 12th century, India was divided into small provinces, whose rulers were mainly Rajputs. At this time, due to lack of Indian political status, Muhammad Ghori turned to India for the expansion of his empire. In 1191, in the first battle of the Terai, defeated by Muhammad Ghori Rajput King P Thaviraj Chauhan. But in 1192 (the Second Battle of the Terai) Muhammad Ghori returned and this time Rajput was defeated. Thus Delhi went under the control of the Turks. Muhammad Ghori went back by handing the rule of India to the hands of his trusted warlord Qutubuddin Aibek. Qutubuddin Aibak laid the foundation of Delhi Sultanate. Iltutmish Organize the Sultanate by suppressing internal rebels and forming a group of trusted rich. The last mighty sultan of the Ghulam dynasty was Balban, which became Sultan in 1266. He ruled autocratic and took many steps to maintain the dignity of Sultan. In 1287, after the Taw of Balban, the Khilji came to power in 1290. The rise of the trees banned the monopoly of the Ottoman rulers. Jalaluddin Khilji laid the foundation of the Khilji dynasty. In 1296 Alauddin Khushi defeated his uncle Jalaluddin Khilji and assumed the title of Sultan himself. He reinstated the status of the post. He suppressed the rich and ruled like a dictator. His worthy commanders, Alkhan, Nusrat Khan, Zafar Khan, Alugachhan and Malik Kafur have made many significant victories. Another achievement of Alauddin Khushi was a marked improvement, where the Goods were sold at fixed prices and traders could not earn much profit. He established different markets for various commodities.
After the Khilji dynasty, the Tughlaq dynasty took control of the throne. In 1320, Gaussuddin Tughlaq sat on the throne. In 1325, Muhammad bin Tughluq became his successor. Muhammad bin Tughluq is known for his neophytes. The main ones in these schemes are the transfer of capital from Daulatabad to Delhi and currency symbolic currency. After Mughal Tughlaq’s wealth, the rich and the ummah’s put Firoz Tughlaq on the throne. The dissolution began during his reign. In 1398 AD, Timur invaded the Delhi Sultanate for the purpose of looting. Taimur’s invasions gave all regional powers an opportunity to declare independence from the Sultanate. Malik Sarwar ruled as executive ruler of Jaunpur. Another province Malwa also shook the dominance of the Delhi Sultanate and its ruler Mahmud Khushi expanded the boundaries of Malwa. Gujarat also became free after the influence of Sultan when its ruler Zafar Khan declared himself independent. Ahmed Shah, the most famous ruler of Gujarat, who founded Ahmedabad. The most notable government in the provincial governance was Jainnal Abidin of Kashmir. During his reign, Kashmir became a powerful and even a state. The Far East region of Bengal made Bengal a part of the Sultanate repeatedly, but he got independence again and again. Haji Ilias combined Bengal divided into three administrative units by the Sultanate. Timur appointed Khizrakhan as ruler of Multan. Who established the Syed dynasty. This lineage was demolished by the Lodhi rulers. In 1451 Bhalol Lodi laid the foundations of the Lodhi clan. Baholok Lodi was a capable ruler and he succeeded in winning the trust of the elites. His successor Sikandar Lodi happened. Ibrahim Lodi, the last ruler of the Lodi dynasty, defeated Babur in the first battle of Panipat in 1526. Born in 1192, Delhi Sultan took the last breath in 1526 and made the way for the establishment of the Mughal empire.

Reference-NIOS